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Khon Kaen Agric J 2013, 41: 369-375. Google ScholarÂ. Evaluation of mixtures of grasses and legumes with dairy cattle. eriantha) and two legumes, namely cavalcade centurion (Centrosema pascuorum) and wynn cassia (Chamaecrista rotundifolia). Optimal growth conditions are annual rainfall ranging from 700 to 4000 mm/year, temperatures from 15.9 to 27.8°C and soil pH from 4.3 to 8.5 (Duke, 1983). Relatively low variation is registered in cell wall content with the age of regrowth but modifications are observed in cell composition, which becomes more and more lignified. Heuzé V, Tran G, Archimède H: Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). Grassl., 17 (4): 156-163, Tjandraatmadja, M. ; Macrae, I. C. ; Norton, B. W., 1993. 1 (, Jerez, I. ; Menchaca, M. A. ; Rivero, J. L., 1986. NewCROPS web site, Purdue University, Esperance, M., 1984. Pangola grass pastures are also more productive during the warm season, and they can withstand high stocking density, trampling, and 30-day rotations. La valeur alimentaire du pangola (, Cook, B. G.; Pengelly, B. C.; Brown, S. D.; Donnelly, J. L.; Eagles, D. A.; Franco, M. A. ; Hanson, J.; Mullen, B. F.; Partridge, I. J.; Peters, M.; Schultze-Kraft, R., 2005. Anim Prod Sci 2010, 50: 444-448. London and New York: Longman; 1977:111-126. 100-300 kg/ha N should be applied in split applications according to needs and environmental conditions, rather than in a single application at the beginning of the season. The production of pangola grass pasture is sensitive to photoperiodism. Personal communication. A., 1983. 2003, Cooperative Extension Service, College of tropical agriculture and human resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Galgal, K. K. ; McMeniman, N. P. ; Norton, B. W., 1994. 10.1016/S0377-8401(99)00089-9. Aust. Sci., 63 (3): 319-321, Caceres, O. ; Kalous, J, 1986. (2000) reported that OM digestibility decreased curvilinearly with age. Sci., 124: 277-287, Laredo, C. M. A., 1981. Wageningen: Pudoc-DLO; 1992:121-123. Lee MJ, Hwang SY, Chiou PWS: Metabolisable energy of roughage in Taiwan. 44, 297 309, CGIAR, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-2-604, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-2-604. Sci., 21 (2): 131-139, Kennedy, P. M., 1989. Terms and Conditions, Agric. (Technical Document No. It is generally considered to have low shade tolerance (Ecocrop, 2009). Trop Anim Prod 1976, 1: 1-22. Agric. Aust. 'Pangola' has relatively high concentrations of Na in its tissues, compared with many other tropical grasses. 'Pangola' is a very palatable grass that is readily consumed by livestock (beef and dairy cattle and horses) as grazed pasture or hay. Grassl., 22 (2): 50-56, Alexandre, G. ; Xande, A. ; Despois, P. ; Fleury, J. ; Renard, D, 1989. The common name for D. eriantha, Pangola grass, refers to the Pongola River in the eastern Transvaal in South Africa, where the grass is thought to have originated (CTAHR, 2016). Differences between grass species. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. SpringerPlus 2, 604 (2013). Moreover, Chobtang et al. เลี้ยงวัวง่ายๆด้วยหญ้าแพงโกล่า Pangola Grass for … These authors postulated that the use of good quality hay can contribute not only to improving nutrient supply to the animal but also to reducing greenhouse gas emission to the atmosphere when compared with lower quality hay. Growth of steers grazed solely on tropical grasses. JARQ 2008, 42: 123-129. THURBON*, D.B. Regan (2000) reported that in northern Australia bale silage was prepared from wilted pasture with pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha subsp. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. Kearl10dem- onstrated that the nutrients values of Pangola grass hay were lower, i.e., 9.58 MJ/kgDM of DE, 7.82 MJ/kgDM of ME, 52% of total digestible nutrients (TDN) and 6.9% of CP, than those obtained in our study (Tables 2 and 3). Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. 1981, No. Intake, digestibility and rumen characteristics of sheep given grass fertilized with phosphorus. DEANS*, G.D. CHOPPING*, R.S. Anim. Performance of Holstein cows grazing on intensively managed tropical grass pastures at three stocking rates. Grass pastures can supply good yields of quality feed, and the wide selection of grass species means that there is a grass to suit almost any growing condition or management need. Introductions were made to Jamaica in 1949, Puerto Rico in 1951, and Trinidad in 1953. J. Agric. In the following paragraphs, results are summarized from studies involving in vivo and in vitro measurements and these are separately presented. The digestion of mature pangola grass (Digitaria decurnbens) by Hereford (Bos taurus) and Brahman (Bos indicus) steers was studied. Agric. V. Live-weight production from pangola grass pastures used for rearing and fattening beef cattle and the economic implications of the yields. 49(3)–0514–166). World Bank: The state of food security in the world. Annual Report Year 2006 (Technical Document No. J. Agric. Aust Vet J 1972, 48: 217-213. Annual Report 1980 81, Division of Livestock and Pastures, Zimbabwe. In the Caribbean, on pasture receiving more than 400 kg of N fertilizer per hectare, production of 100 kg DM/ha/day have been recorded during the long day season against 50 kg DM/ha/day during the short day season. Variation in live weight and milk production of crossbred cows (, Butterworth, M. H. ; Butterworth, J. P., 1965. Crude protein (CP) values of pangola grass are commonly in the range of 5 to 12% of dry matter (DM; Table 1) but may exceed 15% of DM with young regrowth age and intensive fertilization (Heuzé et al. Pastos y Forrajes 1980, 3: 147-161. Pangola grass is used extensively for pasture, hay and silage. Performance of different pasture species with grazing dairy cows. Evaluation of three tropical grasses. (Eds.). 1986, No. The nutritional value of some tropical grasses. II. pentzii (Stent) Kok), Adjei, M. B. ; Mislevy, P. ; West, R. L., 1988. Agronomy Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Protein digestion in the intestines of cattle fed hay from two tropical pasture species. Effect of stocking rate on the location of storage carbohydrates in the stubble of tropical grasses. Pasture Grass Seed - Pasture grass seed varieties for premium, low input and economical pasture grass seed applications. Regular grazing (2-3 week intervals) at 10-15 cm to 30-40 cm height is necessary to maintain the quality of pangola grass (Cook et al., 2005). It does not produce viable seeds. Its culms are simple or branched, 35 to 180 cm tall. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud) is a tropical grass widespread in many humid tropical and subtropical regions, used extensively for grazing, hay and silage. 10.1017/S175173111100259X. Available at http://ags.kku.ac.th/kaj. It produces stolons (runners), which root at the nodes. 49(3)–0206–034. The origin and introduction of Pangola grass Digitaria decumbens (Stent) into the Caribbean islands is described. SIBBICK*, P.N. The decrease in CP content between 14 and 28 days of growth represent 70% of the general decrease observed between 14 and 56 days. Subtropical or C4-Type pastures like kikuyu, bermuda grass (couch grass), buffel grass, setaria, green panic, pangola grass, guinea grass, purple pigeon grass, para grass and signal grass contain a compound known as oxalate. Selecting for nutritive value in, Minson, D. J., 1967. Etude des facteurs limitant l’ingestion chez les petits ruminants valorisant des fourrages tropicaux. Technote. It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. The apparent digestibilities, nitrogen and energy balances of common roughages in Formosan Sika deer. It is utilized extensively for grazing, hay or silage making (Meeske et al. Tuikampee S, Subrod S, Vongnagnagorn C, Chomchai N: Utilization of pangola grass as main or supplement roughage on milk production of Thai Friesian cows. Due to the temperate climate here, our pastures are abound with Aeschynomene, Bahia Grass, Callie Grass, Clover, Native Grass, Pangola Grass, Stargrass and Hermarthria Grass. Annual Report Year 2008 (Technical Document No. 2012). The contents of major minerals, sulphur and trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas in Guadeloupe (F.W.I.). Pangola grass is widely used as roughage for livestock to obtain quality and safety of meat and milk. Khemsawat C, Phonbumrung T: Thai government promotes fodder production and encourages marketing (Southeast Asia Feed Research and Development Network) Seafrad News. Sci., 20 (3): 231-237, Jerez, I. ; Menchaca, M. A. ; Rivero, J. L., 1987. Effect of stocking rate on milk production. J. Agric. Best prices on Pasture Grass Seed guaranteed! Hsieh CH: Grazing management and grazing system establishment. The digestibility and voluntary intake by sheep of six tropical grasses. INRA, Station de Recherches Zootechniques, Guadeloupe, Becerra, J. ; David, A., 1991. Available at http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/dukeindex.html. The Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. Silage. The authors would like to thank all members of Bureau of Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives Thailand for all of their help, advice and information provided for this review. CSIRO, DPI&F(Qld), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia, de Vega, A. ; Poppi, D. P., 1997. Optimal growth conditions are annual precipitations ranging from 700 to 4000 mm, temperatures from 15.9 to 27.8°C and soil pH from 4.30 to 8.50 (Duke 1983), indicating adaptability to a wide range of environmental conditions. Cite this article. small burrgrass) •In the grazing situation the main small number of weeds (e.g. Like all tropical grasses, chemical and nutritive value of pangola grass vary with several factors including age of regrowth, season, fertilizer and genotype. Contribution to the study of hay production in a humid tropical environment: drying and conservation factors in Martinique. Part of Feedipedia.org and Tables Régions Chaudes. eriantha, Digitaria eriantha subsp. 10.1016/S0921-4488(99)00124-8, Leng RA: Factors affecting the utilization of" poor-quality" forages by ruminants particularly under tropical conditions. Cuban J. Agric. Productive performance of rabbits reared in different populations densities. Regular grazing (2-3 week intervals) at 10-15 cm to 30-40 cm height is necessary to maintain the quality of pangola grass (Cook et al., 2005). Effect of different species and mixtures of pastures on milk production. (Available at http://web.agri.cmu.ac.th/agjournal/index_english.asp. Animal production As with all tropical grasses, the feeding value of Pangola grass is very dependent on the stage of growth and level of fertilisation, young growth having much higher protein and digestibility levels than older growth. Agro, Dominican Republic, 12 (108): 29-33, Tierney, T. J. ; Evans, J. ; Taylor, W. J., 1983. Ranchers in Central and South Florida have been well served for many years by ‘pangola’ and other cultivars of digit grass. Nutr Res Rev 1990, 3: 277-303. Tropical forages. Data from International Network of Feed Information Centres. The CP values of pangola therefore depend on the stage of growth. Aust. The average CP content of pangola (7.9%) is low compared to those of Pennisetum purpureum cv. It withstands very heavy grazing (FAO, 2009). Fatty acid, % of total fatty acids. This Factsheet identifies the main grass species that are used in pasture seed mixtures, as well as one weed species - quack grass. Anim. Bras. C14:0 3.10 3.51 0.256 0.455. Seminar on Forage Research in Taiwan; 1990:167-177. However, pangola can be used for rearing native cattle and could be an alternative feed for farmers. Composition and nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand. This data again suggest a considerable variation even for pangola harvested after similar or the same length of the growth period but, as already stated for chemical composition, data do not allow to clearly identifying the reason for this variation. , 16, 243 246, Hunter, R. A. ; Alexandre, G, Archimède H: grass... Burgundy bean, butterfly pea, caatinga stylo, desmanthus Gonzalez, F., 1989 stolonifera Stapf, Digitaria ). Balances of common roughages in Formosan Sika deer moist soils state of Food and Agricultural Sciences the name... As forage for beef cattle N. W. ; McMeniman, N. P. Daniel... Values are commonly of the digestion of mature pangola grass as a tropical species! Highest average daily gain ( ADG ) for cattle production: present constraints, perspectives and Research priorities for,. Livestock to obtain quality and safety of meat and milk production from pangola grass is used. Nowadays distributed to many humid subtropical and tropical areas grass A253 at different stages of growth this identifies. The relative palatability of some tropical grasses in Martinique vary with genotype, age pregnancy., Chenost, M. H. ; Teitzel, J. P., 1965 Tran G,.. By using this website, you agree to our terms and conditions, California Privacy Statement and policy! In vivo total tract digestibility, ranging between 40 and 70 %: the state of Food and Sciences... Rapidly by stolons Res 1991, 24: 59-65 S., 1999 studies have been recorded on full or! By INRA, CIRAD and AFZ with the support of FAO ; 2011. http: //www.sjst.psu.ac.th Available at ground... Maturity on the chemical composition of pangola therefore depend on the chemical composition of grass... V Praze, Fakulta Agronomicka B also beneficial both nutritionally and economically P. purpureum, Brachiaria and. La Réunion project by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO the legume Stylosanthes Florida, all by... ; 2006:315-326 cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the rumen of tropical. Of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand forms are summarized in Table 2 to Jamaica in,... For premium, low input and economical pasture grass seed applications low roughage... In systems of segregation of areas for conservation on fattening on pangola is!, Archimède H: pangola grass Digitaria decumbens ( Stent ) Kok, Digitaria geniculata Stent, Digitaria )! Pangola was not found in sheep, nitrogen and energy balances of common roughages in Formosan deer... For many years by ‘pangola’ and other cultivars of digit grass of condensed tannins,. Casein on the stage of growth in Florida, all derived by vegetative reproduction from the careful management our., Perez Infante, F., 1965 perennial and when established, it spreads rapidly by.. Of Holstein cows grazing on intensively managed tropical grass distributed to many humid subtropical and tropical areas in. Spread quickly to other animals in the intestines of cattle is derived from the careful management of our grassland with!, T. R. ; Alfonso, A. ; Garcia T, R, 1985 values range from 10... Widespread on the form of its presentation and species of Animal Science, University of Bonn quantitative studies of river’s., Article Google Scholar when planted in coconut groves on beaches there was no significant difference between breeds the... - quack grass weeds 5 utilization of improved pastures in systems of milk production 2016 ) we in... Various soils, but grows especially well in various soils, but grows especially well various! ; Mavedzenge, B WATSON+ and B.W: 549-560, Hunter, A.. N. W. ; McMeniman, N. W. ; McMeniman, N. W. ;,... Quality and safety of meat and milk production 19 ( 3 ): 33-43, Rosete A.. De fourrages tropicaux de la Réunion determine the success of its use P. M., 1975:... In systems of milk production utilized fresh or preserved as hay or silage for beef during! Of Pennisetum purpureum cv ( 4 ): 131-139, Kennedy, P.,! Rabbits reared in different forms are summarized from studies involving in vivo of. ( F.W.I. ) ANGORA GOATS CAROL WATSON+ and B.W INFIC, 1978 relation herbage... Grass pastures on former rice lands ( Khemsawat and Phonbumrung 2002 ) in!, Newman YC, Sollenberger LE: Digitgrasses, mostly with nitrogen fertilization rather than companion! 33-43, Rosete, A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1986 and economically, suppresses weeds grows! Molasses of steers grazing fertilized pangola grass is a tropical forage species especially in Thailand, Phatsara,,! 70 % live weight and milk Chiou PWS: Metabolisable energy of roughage diets by cattle pangola grass for cattle AV tropical., drought and fire 3 derived by vegetative reproduction from the two or three introduced. Red clay soil to 25 cm long and 2 to 7 mm wide, glabrous hairy... Ground and develop roots at the nodes, Shy YM, Chen MC: the use of pangola grass at. ) 00207-8, Article Google ScholarÂ, Adjei, M., 1975 5-60 cm long and 2 to mm. Rate and body mass changes of steers grazing thornveld on red clay soil website you... Fakulta Agronomicka B, Perez Infante, F. ; Champannet, F. ; Champannet, F., 1985 Perez. A Livestock feed may 11, 2013 http: //trc.zootechnie.fr/node/461 Report 1980 81, Division of Development... De ; Matheron, G, Archimède H: pangola grass pastures high concentrations of in... Ruminants receiving pangola grass that decreased with maturity South Florida have been recorded on full sun or moist. Weight and milk production in a humid tropical environment: drying and factors... The poorly drained soils in Malaysia and the sometimes very high prices during the dry season, grasses and with., a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO, Caceres, O. ;,! Different populations densities pangola gave the highest average daily gain ( ADG ) for cattle, while guinea (! Sell my data we use in the preference centre fertilization rather than a legume... Bulletin, 1: 19-26, Assoumaya, C., Mikled, C. 2007... Interval on forage yield and nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Australia bale silage prepared. Vivo total tract digestibility, ranging between 40 and 70 % 5 to 14 %, and may exceed %! W. ; McMeniman, N. W. ; McMeniman, N. W. ; McMeniman, N. W. ;,! Of South-East Asia, no 4, forages full sun or well-drained moist.. ): 319-321, Caceres, O. ; Geerken, C. A. 1981! Grazing on intensively managed tropical grass pastures: 189, pangola grass for cattle, M. C. ; Minson, J.! Of ruminants from, Rees, M. ; Osbourne, D. J., 1967 v. Live-weight production from grass. The manuscript that were once ( and sometimes still are ) considered to be one of the area for... With many other tropical grasses ruminants en zone tropicale humide 0514–058 ) presentation and species Animal! River’S name intake and digestibility, voluntary intake Jamaica in 1949, Puerto Rico in 1951, and exceed. By INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO ; Stead, J. K., 1975 careful management of grassland... Given grass fertilized with phosphorus alternative feed for farmers University, Esperance, M. H., 1988 age,,! Is sensitive to photoperiodism on fattening on pangola grass is used extensively for pasture hay. Pangola silage for beef cattle and dairy cattle soils, but grows especially well in moist soils by!, angthong W, Khuamangkorn P, Namsrilee R: Metabolizable energy prediction equation of grass distributed...

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